Prevention of parasite invasion

Considering the unpleasant images of parasites that appear in magazines on the Internet, many people think that they are certainly not affected by this problem. But it wasn't like that, everyone can get infected with parasites! It has been proven that almost every human being becomes a "home" of helminths, protozoa, at least once in their lifetime.

Then how should it be? The solution to this problem is competent prevention, which we discuss in this article.

About parasites in numbers and facts

Despite the development of modern medicine, the prevention of parasitosis is still relevant today.The following figures and facts demonstrate the need for preventive action:

  1. According to the WHO, more than 4. 5 billion people worldwide suffer from parasitosis. Parasites cause 16 million deaths each year.
  2. Every third person in Europe is affected by a parasitic infection.
  3. In Hungary, more than 70% of people are infected with toxoplasma - parasites that can cause vision loss and neurological disorders.
  4. At least 20% of children attending education and training institutions get helminthiasis each year.
  5. A person can be attacked by up to 15 protozoan species and more than 250 different worm species at once. Helminthiasis account for about 89% of all parasitic invasions.
the causative agent of toxoplasmosis in the body

Parasites can infect not only the digestive system, but also other vital organs - the heart, liver, kidneys and brain. Passing through the body, they cause mechanical damage to organs and tissues, blockage of the bile ducts, and inflammatory processes. In addition, they can cause a decrease in immunity, allergic reactions, and oncology.

What are the types of parasitosis?

There are many parasitic diseases. The most common of these are:

  • geohelminthiasis- diseases caused by parasites that carry out one of the life cycles in the soil. The eggs of these parasites can survive in the soil for up to 7 years, survive severe frosts and remain invasive;
  • zooanthroposis- parasitic infections affecting both humans and animals;
  • pure anthroponoses- exclusively human diseases.

Infectious diseases in which parasites can spread from person to person are distinguished between parasite invasions.

How can a person become infected with parasites?

Sources of parasitic diseases can be:

  • household goods in an apartment, public places, transport;
  • food products - poorly washed vegetables, fruits, raw or improperly processed meat, fish. Parasitic infections are especially common in the summer, when we enrich our diets with vitamins: fresh berries, vegetables, and herbs. These products may also contain grains, such as eggs from parasites;
  • tap water, rivers, lakes water. During swimming in the pond, parasites can enter the human body through the skin, through the mucous membranes, as a result of swallowing water;
  • Pets. All pet owners are more likely to catch zooanthroposis;
  • children's sandboxes. For example, there is animal feces in a children’s sandbox, which means there is a possibility of infection with helminths.

A common cause of parasitic infection is a lack of personal hygiene.Infection can occur if you do not wash your hands after visiting a public place, toilet, money management, backyard work, fish, meat, salad cooking.

There are many professions where people, by the nature of their work, are more likely to become infected with parasites. Such professionals include plumbers, livestock farm workers, agricultural businesses, the food industry and land cleaners.

There are also parasites that are carried by insects. For example, flies, mosquitoes.

sources of parasitic infection

Community principles on parasite prevention

About 1 million patients with parasitic diseases are registered in Hungary every year. In this regard, preventive measures have been developed to prevent the spread of parasites. The principles of prevention are as follows:

  1. Timely identification and treatment of patients with parasitosis.A person who heals in time does not pose a danger to others.
  2. Timely destruction of pathogens of parasitic invasions by disinfection and disinfection methods.This includes disinfecting sewage, food, and disinsecting public places. For example, treating resting places against mosquitoes can prevent diseases such as dirofilariasis.
  3. Protecting the environment from contamination by substrates containing parasites.First, it is the timely disinfection of cesspools, preventing the use of fresh animal feces as agricultural fertilizer. These requirements are set at the statutory level and must be strictly adhered to.
  4. Prevention of parasite invasion using chemotherapeutic agents.For example, if you are traveling to the tropics or places where malaria is endemic, anti-malarial drugs should be used. Such devices prevent the development of malaria, even in the event of a possible infection. The same can be said for professional groups in the population. Chemoprophylaxis of parasitic infections is recommended for workers in livestock farms and agricultural holdings at certain times.
  5. Immunoprophylaxis or immunization of the population in foci of parasite invasion.This measure is related to the prevention of infection with protozoa rather than helminthiases.
  6. Improving the general health culture of the population.

Personal precautions against parasites

There is no magic that can protect a person from any parasitic invasion. The prevention of parasitic infection is multifaceted and involves many aspects. Prevention measures depend on the type of parasite, its developmental cycle, and its penetration into the human body.

However, the basic rules that reduce the risk of developing parasitosis can be highlighted:

  • observance of personal hygiene: thorough hand washing when visiting public places, contact with pets, before meals;
  • regular wet cleaning of the apartment with disinfectants;
  • regular boiling of bed and underwear;
  • purchase of meat products at approved outlets;
  • adequate heat treatment of meat and fish, which must be at least 30 minutes. In addition, pre-freezing fish and meat is an effective way to control parasites;
  • thorough washing of vegetables, fruits, herbs and treatment of boiled water;
  • drink bottled boiled water;
  • protection of food from insects;
  • regular parasite screening.

Plants that can protect against the parasite

An effective measure to prevent the infection of helminths and protozoa is to enrich the diet with plants and anti-parasitic spices.To date, more than 50 plant species are known to have harmful effects on parasites:

  • roots of calamus. The plant is able to infect the nervous system of parasites and expel them from tissues and organs;
  • marshmallow roots. It acts on parasites in the blood and muscle tissue;
  • basil leaves and stalks. The antiparasitic effect of basil is similar to that of marshmallows;
  • berries, stems, leaves, barberry roots. The plant is particularly effective against parasites affecting the liver;
  • Carnation. The effectiveness of cloves against parasites has been known since ancient times. Cloves are harmful to flat, striped, round worms and protozoa. It is also effective against bacteria and viruses;
  • Grenade. Not only the pomegranate fruit has an antiparasitic effect, but also the peel. Tea can be brewed from the pomegranate peel;
  • roots, flowers elecampane. They kill parasites that affect the digestive system and nervous system. In addition, the plant removes toxins from the body;
  • the aerial part of the oregano used to make teas. The plant has harmful effects on protozoa, fungi, opportunistic microorganisms;
  • St. John's wort. It actively fights against luminal parasites living in the interstitial space of the colon;
  • ginger roots. They are able to expel parasites from the respiratory system, the gastrointestinal tract. The plant has not only antiparasitic but also anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory properties;
  • fruits, seeds, viburnum flowers. The plant expels parasites from the bronchopulmonary tree, the urogenital, gastrointestinal tract. It also has an anti-inflammatory effect;
  • cardamom seeds. It has a strong effect on the larval state of parasites and protozoa, it has an antifungal effect;
  • Coriander seeds are a common herb that is often used in salads. It expels intestinal parasites well;
  • cinnamon. It does not lose its antiparasitic properties even after heat treatment;
  • nettle. Effective against parasites affecting the skin, intestines, respiratory system;
  • incense. It has a particularly detrimental effect on respiratory and nervous system parasites;
  • roots, leaves, stems of the common burdock. It promotes the elimination of parasites located in the bronchopulmonary tree, the lymphatic system.

Watercress, red pepper, sesame, alfalfa, raspberry, juniper, birch, mint, wormwood, dandelion, parsley, tansy, chamomile, rhubarb, walnut, fennel, garlic also have a devastating effect on parasites.

herbs against parasites

Plants with antiparasitic properties should only be used in prophylactic doses.For example, plants such as St. John’s wort, yarrow, tansy are poisonous in large quantities and their overdose is dangerous. If you are unsure about the safety of a particular plant, be sure to consult a professional.

The effect of garlic should be considered separately. Garlic enema ranks first among folk remedies for parasites. But in fact, this method is ineffective and very dangerous. Most parasites live in the small intestine, which is not affected by the enema. One possible complication after garlic enema is burning of the intestinal mucosa.