The symptoms of worms in humans can be quite varied, but such manifestations cannot be ignored, as worms in the body can cause other, more serious diseases.
In the article, you will find the main signs of worms in humans, find out the causes of infection with parasites, and also what treatment the body considers most effective.
Why do parasites appear in the body?
Although infection with worms is much more common in preschool and elementary school children, this problem sometimes occurs in adults as well. Parasites can enter the body in different ways.
Infection of helminths very often occurs due to non-compliance with hygiene rules - children are, of course, much more likely to be ignored than adults, but in unfavorable conditions this can cause infection in adults.
Cases of worm infection are common during a holiday abroad - parasites can enter the body through contact with food, poorly processed dishes, an infected person or animal.
Although adults are more resistant to parasite attacks, they can easily become infected during periods of weakened immunity, such as during an illness.
Another common way to infect the body with worms is through food. Helminth samples can enter the human body through improperly processed (raw or raw) fish or meat, dirty fruits and vegetables.
Although worm infections are common after consuming common river fish, you need to be especially careful while on holiday in another country - exotic foods can be dangerous, especially if you don’t know exactly how they were made.
Another common cause of infection is contact with human carriers of the parasite. According to various estimates, about 60% of people have encountered worms at least once in their lives. In children, this figure is even higher.
Considering that parasites do not appear for a long time, we can assume that there may be even more carriers of the problem.
If you have to constantly interact with a person infected with worms, the chances of infection increase many times over. They are spreading particularly rapidly in crowded, large collectives.
While simple measures such as washing your hands after using the toilet and consuming only tested and processed foods may still reduce your risk of infection, it’s worth paying attention to every problem, even the slightest. the body.
The main signs of helminth infection
The difficulty in self-identifying infection of the body with helminths is that the signs of the appearance of worms are similar to the manifestations of other problems in the body.
Because parasites are localized primarily in the stomach and intestines, where they multiply and leave their waste products, the first lesions usually occur in these organs.
At first, a person may experience excessive gas formation and bloating that is not caused by food or illness.
This is due to the fact that very often parasites settle in the small intestine, causing the walls to become inflamed and the food to be digested and absorbed worse, leading to bloating.
Constipation and diarrhea are both rare conditions. They are also caused by irritation in the intestines. Constipation occurs when the bile and intestinal tract are blocked by worms.
Diarrhea is a more common symptom because it is caused by toxins and waste products produced by worms.
Worms can live not only in the stomach or intestines, but also in other parts of the body. They are often localized in the muscles and synovial fluid - in which case the person will experience painful sensations in this area.
Unfortunately, many confuse the body’s response to worms with arthritis, so they don’t go to the doctor.
As parasites spread throughout the body, other characteristic symptoms occur, such as anemia, which is caused by the worms living off the body’s nutrients. In addition, people infected with worms often have iron deficiency.
Because the vital activity of parasites affects not only the condition of the body but also the human nervous system, a state of restlessness, depression, or nervousness is very common in those infected with helminths.
In case of severe intoxication of the body, sleep disorders can occur - the awakening usually takes place around 2-3 hours in the morning - in which case the liver is especially active in getting rid of the toxins excreted by the parasites.
Chronic lack of nutrients in the body leads to chronic fatigue, often - apathy or depression.
Other characteristic symptoms of the presence of parasites are itching of the anus, change in the smell of the stool (it will be rotten, very unpleasant), headaches, skin rashes, allergies, cycle disorders in women, and any other disorder. in the work of the intestines and stomach.
Although these symptoms may indicate other diseases, each can be a sign of a worm infection.
If the deterioration started suddenly, be sure to see a doctor to prescribe appropriate treatment.
Types of parasites
Each of the worms that settle in the human body has its own characteristics.
Some of them can be difficult to identify immediately because many have a special life cycle, such as irregularly laying eggs.
In total, doctors have about 100 different types of helminths that can settle in the intestines and other parts of the body.
The most common are tapeworms, dumplings, tapeworms, hookworms, whipworms, filariasis, cysticercosis, and paragonimiasis.
Pinworms are most commonly found in adults and children. This is not only due to the prevalence of these types of parasites, but also to the fact that they are the easiest to detect - needle worms lay their eggs outside the body and not inside, which can be very easily identified with a simple scraping.
The most common symptoms - itching at night in the anus - are when fungal worms come out and lay eggs.
Tapeworms and other types of worms can only be found in the body through a stool or blood test.
Their localization also depends on the type of parasites. For example, tapeworms settle in the intestines and tapeworms in the intestines and lungs, causing respiratory disease.
In case of severe poisoning, the person's temperature rises, coughing and secretions occur, and sometimes blood contamination is seen in it.
Ascaris larvae can be detected by sputum analysis. Most parasites settle in the intestines, which, if not leading to serious illness, will definitely cause dysbiosis and organ inflammation.
Trichinella is one of the most dangerous parasitic species for humans. Because of their presence, not only the intestines where they live but also the work of other internal organs are disturbed.
Severe intoxication of the body disrupts the liver, which can cause jaundice, often with a large number of worms blocking the bile ducts, disrupting the outflow of bile.
In severe cases, trichinella damages the central nervous system.
Certain types of worms can also be detected with a chest x-ray. Their vital activity leads to the appearance of volatile infiltrates in the lungs.
In addition, the patient's temperature rises, and the number of eosinophils in the blood test usually increases. Volatile infiltrates are more common in children but can also occur in adults.
How to recognize worms in the body?
Any suspicion of worms is a reason to see a doctor. The first suspicion of the presence of worms in adults usually does not appear immediately, but after a while after infection.
This can happen in the background of illness or decreased immunity and therefore goes unnoticed.
This leads to the fact that helminth samples are found in adults at a late stage when the degree of toxicity in the body is high.
If you notice any signs of infection, do not start self-medication. The most effective way to determine the presence of helminths in the body is through analysis.
It also helps you find out which parasites have settled in your body so your doctor prescribes the most appropriate treatment.
For adults, a general blood test is most often prescribed because it can be used to detect the presence of any type of parasite in the body.
The indication may be any disease for which there is no specific cause.
For example, doctors often prescribe this test for insomnia, low hemoglobin, nervous system disorders, itchy anus, anemia, sudden weight loss, and so on.
For adults, this analysis is prescribed according to the indications, however, certain categories of people regularly participate in this study, such as catering workers, physicians, veterinarians, and so on.
There are also more accurate blood tests that help determine the fact of the infection and provide information about which worms are in the body.
This test is called an enzyme immunoassay. The analysis looks at immunoglobulins - the bodies that the body produces to fight microbes, bacteria and parasites.
In the absence of worms in the body, the picture will be the same, but even if there is a minimal amount of worms in the body, it will change.
Despite the accuracy, errors occur in this analysis because certain types of parasites have adapted very well to life in the body and their presence is not easy to determine.
If in doubt, your doctor may order a second test to find out which parasites have settled in your body. Blood is taken from a vein for the enzyme immunoassay.
According to the results of the study, it is possible to establish the fact of infection and the extent of the spread of parasites in the body.
Worms need to be treated. Although they do not cause discomfort to their "owner" for a long time, many doctors believe that infection with helminths can lead to much more serious diseases, including cancer.
In addition, worms inevitably disrupt the body’s work, cause chronic inflammation in the intestines and other organs, and reduce immunity.
The treatment of worms is primarily aimed at killing the parasites, so the drugs used for this are quite toxic.
It is impossible to take them before making an accurate diagnosis and without medical advice.
Due to its toxic effects, parasite treatment often causes unpleasant side effects in the body: abdominal pain, vomiting, headaches, increased fatigue, fever.
Certain types of medicines can only be taken under the supervision of a doctor in a hospital setting - they are prescribed for severe infections of the body and for the treatment of complex types of parasites.
Treating parasites is not just about using drugs that kill them, but also a range of measures.
As a general rule, along with antiparasitic agents, the doctor will also prescribe medications to the patient to restore the liver, which suffers from the effects of parasitic toxins and the drug.
Vitamins, immunostimulants and enzymes can also be prescribed to restore the body to normal.
Self-treatment of parasites is prohibited. You can find quite a few products on the market today that save a person from helminths.
Almost all of them are of natural origin and do not harm the body, however most of them are useless in the fight against parasites.
In addition, they do not provide a complex effect - for example, before killing parasites in the body, the liver must be prepared for this, which goes through severe poisoning.
Regular fees cannot handle this problem. After killing the parasites, you have to remove them as well as their waste products from the body, otherwise it leads to severe poisoning - the worms and other herbs are unable to do so.
In addition, all such bases work the same, regardless of the type of worms found in the body - this also significantly reduces their effectiveness.
Traditional methods, while not a substitute for a full-fledged treatment, can be good supplements in the fight against helminths and help the body recover faster.
Onions and garlic are considered useful products against parasites in the body - they make the environment less favorable for the vital activity of parasites, so their continuous use in food helps reduce the risk of infection.
Chamomile and fennel help cleanse the body and reduce internal inflammation. Both products can be purchased at any pharmacy.
These funds are believed to accelerate the removal of parasites and their waste products from the body.
Lavender, tea tree or bergamot oil can also help with this - adding it to food can speed up the recovery of the body.
Don’t rely solely on folk remedies. Treatment of parasites should be performed by a professional physician, in some cases in a hospital setting.
Self-medication, especially with the use of medications, can only worsen the condition and lead to even greater damage to internal organs.